Africa Food Security

Go to the comms page for more articles and videos

Main causes

Main areas of response

Response Pages

Regional food insecurity in context

Situation reports

Our regional situation reports provide an overview of the operational contexts, updates on progress and achievements, as well as planning and key events.

Risk watch: situational analysis

Causes to food insecurity are multiple, overlap and lead to the development of complex and multi-sectoral crises. Read our secondary data analysis:

Food Security Outlook East Africa

Near Term: May 2018

Medium Term: June - September 2018

Food Security Outlook West Africa

Near Term: May 2018

Medium Term: June - September 2018

Food Security Outlook Southern Africa

Near Term: May 2018

Medium Term: June - September 2018

Appeals Overview

Africa Region

Since the end of 2016, the African continent is facing an unprecedented rise in food insecurity. Millions of people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance, particularly where consecutively poor rainfall, rising food prices and insecurity continues to worsen the situation. Many countries are facing emergency levels of food insecurity, which has had devastating impacts to millions who’s livelihoods depend on their crops and livestock. Famine could be imminent in South Sudan, Somalia and Nigeria where conditions are quickly deteriorating in early 2018.


Ethiopia faces a serious food crisis after consecutive rain failures in 2015, combined with erratic El Niño weather conditions. Lack of rain has impacted access to water and adequate grazing land, resulting in death of livestock; abnormal migration; severe food and milk shortages and rising malnutrition, especially among children under five and pregnant and lactating mothers. Drought has further exacerbated vulnerabilities to disease outbreaks, including acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera.


Drought has swept across Kenya’s coastal and semiarid regions in the north and north-east following two consecutive failed seasonal rains in 2016 and 2017. Farmers struggle to plant enough crops and feed their livestock and food prices have swelled, which puts further constraints on vulnerable families’ access to food. Malnutrition rates in some areas have reached crisis levels, especially among children under five and expectant mothers, putting them at further risk of disease.


Northeast Nigeria faces one of the most severe humanitarian crises in the world today. The armed conflict has left an estimated 8.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in the worst-affected states: Borno, Adamawa and Yobe. Populations are suffering the cumulative impact of years of conflict and violence and now food and water shortages, following two consecutive seasons of poor rain fall.


Food insecurity has reached crisis and emergency levels across Somalia. Years of consecutively poor rainfall has left 6.2 million people in need of emergency food and livelihood support – this is well over half of the population. The situation is expected to deteriorate further as we enter the dry season. Levels of acute food insecurity and malnutrition will remain high in Somalia through to the end of the year, including 388,000 children under five who are acutely malnourished.

South Sudan

Since the onset of the conflict in 2013 and subsequent devolution into a complex emergency in the years since, an unprecedented number of people are in need of food; health care; water and sanitation; and protection. War has not only resulted in large-scale loss of lives but also 1.9 million internally displaced people. This has put a major strain on communities hosting displaced families and caused an extreme disruption to livelihoods. Six million people are severely food insecure - more than half of the country’s population.

Experiences, examples and good practices

Information management missions

We have supported various contexts in order to integrate information management approaches and activities more systematically into the emergency operation. Access here mission reports, TORs, training sessions etc (IFRC only).

Tools and guidance

An overview of (examples of﴿ data collection tools, guidance and templates for food security data collection and analysis to facilitate the collection of experiences, examples and good practices (IFRC only).

Read more

Examples of food security data collection and analysis products of various organizations.

AppealStart DateEnd DateTargetedBudgetFundingCoverageAppeal Code